For participants with a disability, adaptive winter sports involve modifying equipment and lessons. Whether the individual is participating at an elite, recreational or beginner level, modifying the activity and the way in which it is taught or coached allows them to participate in a supportive environment and to enjoy freedom in the snow.
Adaptive outdoor winter sports that people with physical disabilities might want to consider:
- Nordic skiing both standing and sit-skiing. People with a visual impairment usually have a guide to instruct and ski with them.
- Snowboarding for those who like to curve down the hill. Can be enjoyed by people with spinal injuries, cerebral palsy, amputation and visual impairment.
- Alpine Skiing can be done standing or sit skiing. This includes such disciplines such as Downhill, Super-G, Slalom, Giant Slalom and Super Combined.
References from the SIRC Collection:
1. Adaptive Snowshoeing. Palaestra. Winter2008 2008;24(1):10.
2. Bialowas S. The Ontario Paralympic Winter Games 2006. Around The Rim. January 2006;:3-4.
3. Dicianno B, Aguila E, Wichman T, et al. Acute mountain sickness in disability and adaptive sports: Preliminary data. Journal Of Rehabilitation Research & Development. July 2008;45(4):479-487.
4. Fadrhonc S. BACK-COUNTRY BOUNTY. Sports 'N Spokes Magazine. January 2011;37(1):40-45.
5. Groff D, Lundberg N, Zabriskie R. Influence of adapted sport on quality of life: Perceptions of athletes with cerebral palsy. Disability & Rehabilitation. February 15, 2009;31(4):318-326.
6. Lundberg N, Taniguchi S, McCormick B, Tibbs C. Identity Negotiating: Redefining Stigmatized Identities through Adaptive Sports and Recreation Participation among Individuals with a Disability. Journal Of Leisure Research. 2011 Second Quarter 2011;43(2):205-225.
7. Second Adaptive Sport Added to Winter X Games. O&P Business News. Spring2010 2010;19(3):46.