Mood disorders sometimes are called Affective Disorders, but more frequently are simply called “depression.” Common contributors to depression are:
- trouble adjusting to the transition from high school to college
- overtraining or injury
- pressure to perform
- lack of free time
- stress from schoolwork
- Low or sad moods, often with episodes of crying
- Irritability or anger
- Feeling worthless, helpless and hopeless
- Eating and sleeping disturbance (reflected in an increase or decrease)
- A decrease in energy and activity levels with feelings of fatigue or tiredness.
- Decreases in concentration, interest and motivation
- Social withdrawal or avoidance
- Negative thinking
- Thoughts of death or suicide. In severe cases, intent to commit suicide with a specific plan, followed by one or more suicide attempts.
Researchers have found that injured athletes experience clinically significant depression 6 times as often as non-injured athletes.
References from the SIRC Collection:
1. Gagne M. A DIFFERENT KIND OF PAIN. Sports Illustrated. December 12, 2011;115(23):82.
2. Hart C. THE PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT OF INJURY. Triathlon Life. Fall2009 2009;12(4):44-45.
3. Maniar S, Chamberlain R, Moore N. Suicide risk is real for student-athletes. NCAA News. November 7, 2005;42(23):4-20.
4. Potera C, Delhagen K. Beat the injury blues. Runner's World. October 1990;25(10):18.
5. Reardon C, Factor R. Sport Psychiatry A Systematic Review of Diagnosis and Medical Treatment of Mental Illness in Athletes. Sports Medicine.
6. Weigand S, Cohen J, Merenstein D. Susceptibility for Depression in Current and Retired Student Athletes. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach. May 2013;5(3):263-266.