Task oriented goals suggests the athlete is interested in mastering a skill or task. By mastering certain skills of a sport, the athlete feels competent with his/her ability to perform on the playing field. This indicates that they are also intrinsically motivated and evaluate success by effort and improvement.
Task-oriented goals are about:
- High efforts
- Doing your best
- Collaborating with teammates
- Enjoying sport
Ego-oriented goals are about:
- Being better than others
- Having the right equipment
- Innate ability
Understanding athlete oriented goals and motivation can help a coach understand an athlete better. Setting goals keeps the athlete and the coach accountable and can be used as a vehicle to evaluate progress and development. The ideal athlete needs to have both high task and ego orientation goals. Having the ability to master a skill builds confidence to perform. While the desire to out perform your opponents creates the determination to win. This combination is what made athletes such a Wayne Gretzky and Michael Jordan some of the best athletes in the world.
References from the SIRC Collection:
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2. Davis W, Carson C, Ammeter A, Treadway D. The Interactive Effects of Goal Orientation and Feedback Specificity on Task Performance. Human Performance. October 2005;18(4):409-426.
3. Davis W, Mero N, Goodman J. The Interactive Effects of Goal Orientation and Accountability on Task Performance. Human Performance [serial online]. January 2007;20(1):1-21.
4. Gilson T, Chow G, Ewing M. Defining Success in Strength Training Using Achievement Goal Orientations. Journal Of Sport Behavior. September 2008;31(3):220-236.
5. McCarthy J. Exploring the Relationship Between Goal Achievement Orientation and Mindfulness in Collegiate Athletics. Journal Of Clinical Sport Psychology. March 2011;5(1):44-57. Ping X,
6. McBride R, Bruene A, Yuanlong L. Achievement Goal Orientation Patterns and Fifth Graders' Motivation in Physical Education Running Programs. Pediatric Exercise Science. May 2007;19(2):179-191.